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MYTHOLOGY AT YOUR DOORSTEP

Mythology of the Navarino Bay area

The story of Apollo and Hermes

Apollo & Hermes

THE NAME

The famous beach of Voidokilia, may not have the most attractive name but it surely compensates every visitor with its perfect shape, staggering scenery and of course the particular natural beauty ,of this land.

It’s name comes directly from the Homeric epics where it is mentioned ,as Voufrada, which means “where the oxen live”. In an ancient inscription we can see that they used to refer to it,also as  ‘Vuvota’ which means Voidokoilia.
All this is found in an ancient myth which implicates gods and of course oxen!

THE SCANDAL

Apollo was punished by Zeus for killing the Cyclops. His punishment was to offer services to the King of the Feron ,Adamitos, as Shepherd of his herds/flocks.

Hermes was just born. As an infant he was mischievous and scandalous ,but as a divine infant but he had extraordinary abilities.

During that night he couldn’t sleep as he slipped away from his mother – the nymph Maia- and his long wide woven films, with which  they used to wrap babies. On his way out, he found a sea turtle, and he started poking around.  He then turned her over/upside down and from her shell  made a lyre ( Greek:  lýra) to play music.

While playing,he saw the cattle his brother was grazing.He chose among the  oxens and he took the 50 best of them, leading them to the cave above Voidokoilia in order to hide them,thinking that Apollo wouldn’t miss a few. 

THE INVENTION OF FIRE AND THE FIRST SACRIFICE

On the way to the cave Hermes got hungry,so he slaughtered two ocens,though he didn’t know how to roast them. He then took two chopsticks and rubbed them with such skill that in the end they lit up. He divided one into 12 shares and sacrificed it, as an offer to the gods, and when he finished, he  just ate the second.That was the first sacrifice which were ever made.

APOLLO FINDS THE CULPRIT/THE CATTLE DRIVER

Hermes after the subsequent theft of Apollo’s sacred cattle,was not that lucky,since Apollo, who had fortune telling skills, discovered who had taken his oxen which made him very angry.

He went to the cave of Maia, grabbed Hermes and took him up to Olympus. There, with Zeus present, Hermes gave an oscar interpretation, trying to fool Zeus,disputing over his baby age , but the God of the Gods did not quite believed him ,recognizing that was his son and that he was capable of more things, Zeus ordered him to tell where he had hidden the oxen. .

PEACE AND FRIENDSHIP BETWEEN THE TWO BROTHERS

When they visited the cave,Apollo saw that two oxen were missing.Hermes told him that he sacrificed one in 12 pieces for the gods and that he ate the other one. ” Why twelve ?” Apollo asked ” who is the twelfth?” as hermes replied ” My self of course”. Baby hermes was quite pleased with him self so he pulled out the lyre ,he had made him self,starting playing music.

When Apollo ( the God of Music ) heard the lyre, he was thrilled. He asked Hermes to gift it to him and in return he  would have given him more oxen.

The myth narrates that as soon as Apollo got his hand on the lyrewith his fingers touching the strings,even the waves of the sea stopped chasing one another ,in order to listen to that beautiful melody

The Capacity of Hermes at inventing and manufacturing musical instruments, was followed by another exchange .Hermes made a flute, and Apollo, in order to acquire it, he gave him the golden rod, the known caduceus *, which became the symbol of the god Hermes.

  • Caduceus : In Greek mythology, Caduceus was the main emblem of the god Hermes. The caduceus consists of a thin rod of wood of laurel or olive, around which are coiled two snakes, their heads were entwined facing each other. Above the heads of snakes, at the top of the rod, there are two wings.

King Nestor and Thrasimedes

King nestor

THE NOBLE DESCENT

He was the son of Neeleus and Chloris.

Nestor was living at the time among the Gerenians in Messenia, hence the name Gerenios,in the land of ippodamaston (The ones who tame and  train horses),when all his brothers were slain by Heracles, (because Nileas refused to purify him for the murder of Iphitos).Nestor alone escaped,and lived a life rich in labors and exploits, as well as long in duration,more than three generations, due to Apollo’s generosity, who wished with this gift of longevity to atone for the years of life that took away from the aunts and uncles of Nestor, when he killed them with the help of goddess Artemis.

THE BRAVERY OF NESTOR

Growing up, he became a great warrior. He fought against the Arcades and killed the terrible Eredalionus(Ereutalione),a noble Arcadian,then he also killed Itymonea,for stealing oxen from him and Mulio,while the Mulionides with Kteatos and Evritos, needed Poseidon’s help to escape his sword.

He also took an important part in the battle between the Centaurs and the Lapithae,in the Argonautic expedition, in the Calydonian boar hunt, and last but not least in  the expedition against Troy.

THE CAMPAIGN IN TROY

Here, according to Homer,who presents him as a wise and wise old man, in spite of his great age,he gives advice and he is heard with respect from all the Achaeans. With these qualities,wisdom, justice and eloquence, kept the miscellaneous Greek army united during the siege of Troy,while he reconciled situations maintaining the Concord as it did during the quarrel between Achiles and Agamemnon.

When the siege began to favor the Trojans and while the army of the Greeks, especially with Achilea’s refusal to descend into battle, began to lose, it was Nestor who persuaded the faithful friend  of Achilea’s ,Patroclus, to dress in the uniform of his friend and lead the Myrmidons (the Warriors of Achilea) to the battlefield. This was an event who played a catalytic role in the outcome of the Trojan war since in the battle that followed Patroclus was killed and Achileas returned to the side of the Greeks ,while with an unprecedented mania for revenge, he then killed Hector Prince of Troy.

NESTOR THE HOST

After the end of the Trojan War we meet Nestor in Pylos, where Telemachus, son of Odysseus, fled to sought further information on his father’s fate. Homer reports that Nestor, not knowing who was Telemachus, welcomed the stranger on the beach of Voidokilia, led him to the palace, and after he offered him food and hospitality, at the end he asked him who he is. This is,just a sample of his unique personality.

THE FAMOUS CUP

Aimportant reference has been made in Homer’s epics,regarding Nestor’s Cup from which he drank wine and water. Described as a big solid-gold goblet with four handles with carved birds which was so heavy that even the strongest warriors found it difficult to pick up.Nestor, though old, he could take it in his hand and drank with ease.

THE WISE KING

Throughout Greek mythology, with the weak gods and humans, Nestor remains the only one intact, with a personality full of wisdom, justice and hospitality, all those elements  considered important, by the the ancient people.This is why, Nestor, inspires even today not only within the place that lived, but also to the ends of the world…

Thrasimedes, oldest Son of Nestor

Thrasimedes Son of Nestor

Thrasimidis was one of the sons of king Nestor of Pylos. His mother was Eurydice.

His name was synonymous to his abilities,derived from the words in bold ( θρασύς (Thrasis-Courageous) and  (μήδομαι-Midomai- I think). Mentioned in  both the homeric epics as a warrior of great bravery and skill.

Thrasimidis followed his father and his brother Antilochus, in the campaign against Troy where he had the responsibility of 15 ships. He took part in many battles of the Trojan War with the most important maybe being,the battle around the body of Antilochus, where he faced Memnon.

The prince Thrasimidis was one of the few who got inside the Trojan Horse and after the fall of Troy he returned safe to his home Pylos.

With time passing by,Thrasimidis along with his father welcomed in Voidokilia Telemachus,  the son of Odysseus.

It is believed that the Mycenaean chamber tomb, which is located on the north hill of the beach is Actually Belong In his memory.

Pylos and Nestor’s Cave

The illias, Spartans, St Nicolas and the wine church, and many more…